Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

What is a Speech-Language Pathologist (SLP)? 

According to the American Speech-Language Hearing Association, an SLP is defined as:

"Speech-Language Pathologists help people develop and optimize their communication abilities and treat speech, language, and voice disorders. Their services include prevention, screening, consultation, assessment and diagnosis, treatment, intervention, management, counseling, and follow-up services for disorders. They diagnose and treat articulation, cognitive-communication, fluency, language, resonance, swallowing, and voice disorders across the age spectrum provide communication, literacy and pre-literacy services to children in schools and pediatric-health care settings ... provide services to modify or enhance communication performance, such as accent modification, improvement of the professional voice, and personal/professional communication effectiveness..."

Who are the clients you normally serve?

SLPs serve a broad range of clients who have communication challenges. Clientelle spans all age ranges, ability levels, and medical diagnoses.  Children between the ages of 18 months and 36 months who are not developing their dominant language as expected are typically seen by an SLP. The first three years of language development is very critical to the later academic and social abilities of a child. Therefore, if parents are concerned about their child's development, they should seek services of an SLP as soon as possible. Older children are also treated by SLPs, namely, children having difficulties with academic performance or social interaction due to weak speech or language skills, children who are difficult to understand due to misarticulation or phonological disorders, sound distortions (e.g. lisping). Those who are at risk for communication difficulties (e.g. children who were born prematurely, medically fragile children, drug exposed, children who lost oxygen at birth) are typically treated early in their lives on a preventative basis. Individuals may also have developmental delays or communication problems frequently associated with medical conditions such as Autism, PDD, Asperger's Syndrome, Cleft-Lip Palate, Hearing Impairment, Down syndrome or other genetic disorders, cerebral palsy, stroke, or progressive central nervous system diseases (such as Parkinson Disease, Multiple Sclerosis, etc.). 

How often will I need to come and how long will therapy last?

Individual therapy sessions vary depending upon client factors but typical frequency of sessions for a severity of mild to moderate are one time per week for 45 minutes or 60 minutes or two times per week for 30 minutes. If a child has a severe disability, the total time of therapy recommended per week would most likely greatly increase. Frequency (sessions/week) and duration (whether the client requires one month, months, or years of therapy) depend upon client severity, disorder, motivation, attendance record, learning abilities, maturity, and possible other factors. This will be discussed on an individual basis with the parents or client.